Mexico has enormous differences in climate and landscape, which contributes to a wide range of plant life and animals. From mountains and jungles to very clear ocean waters as well as coral reefs, there is a lot for the visitor to see. See Bird Watching Tours here.
The range of wildlife in Mexico is exceptional; about thirty thousand flowering plants grow there, including orchids, magnolia, frangipani, bougainvillea and many more.
The plant that’s primarily linked to Mexico is, clearly, the cactus. You can find more than 89 species of Cacti family growing in the country. An interesting fact is that the old name of Mexico City was Tenochtitlan, meaning ‘place of the sacred cactus’ in the language of the ancient Aztecs who lived in it.
Several thousand species of insect live in Mexico, with the butterfly and also moth species alone numbering over 2,000. Many of the most interesting butterfly species which might be observed in this place are the Giant Sickle-wing, Two-Barred Flasher, Tropical Buckeye and even more.
More than one thousand bird species nest, raise their chicks, and live throughout the year in Mexico. A few of the most prevalent and well-known bird species that happen to be found in Mexico are toucans, parrots, flamingos, ibis, humming birds and macaws. See the list of Bird Watching Tours here.
Among the many most precious along with most wonderful birds whose feathers Maya, Aztec and various Mesoamerican civilizations used as adornments and in ceremonies is the quetzal. Right now this bird is quite rare and is at risk of extinction. They even imagined a few of their deities wearing a decoration made of its feathers.
The marine life is extremely varied. Numerous vacationers visit Mexico each and every year to get the opportunity to swim with the sea lions, whale sharks, and giant sea turtles. The diversity of marine life does not stop there - many animals including sardines, barracuda, swordfish, sardines plus mackerel are just a tiny part of the local aquatic life.
All through the winter season, many migrating gray whales can be seen on their path from the Bering Sea to their feeding and breeding grounds. These giants can become up to 52 feet long and can weigh just as much as 36 tons. A group of these animals swimming together to their feeding grounds is a thing that is worth watching.
Very rarely, if perhaps they are lucky, a vacationer is able to see the West Indian Manatee in the lagoons of Sian Ka’an, nevertheless these large sea mammals are incredibly hard to find, and so seeing them is indeed determined by luck. These are definitely very large, gray mammal animals which can grow up to 14 feet in length. They have quite interesting paddle-like limbs and tail.
When you’re thinking of land wildlife in Mexico, the diversity is great at the same time. Various kinds reptiles just like turtles, crocodiles and spine-tailed iguana inhabit the lakes, rivers and forests of the Yucatan Peninsula.
Several other land animals that a number of tourists want to see include wolves, jaguars, puma, lynx, ocelots, tapirs, bears and monkeys. Seeing many of these creatures in the forests is generally risky, so the very best way to see them is by sticking with the marked paths and also having with you a guide who’s informed about the terrain as well as knows how to save you from an angry animal if the situation requires it.
The diversity of wildlife in Mexico is great; even so the industrialization, urbanization and also pollution took their toll. A number of land and sea areas in Mexico have been protected in order to sustain and conserve the species which inhabit this magical country, so future generations can enjoy the same spectacular environment we are able to see presently.